Security is individual. One person has a greater need for security, another a lesser one. This also applies to condominiums. Which insurances make sense for you as a condominium owner and your condominium owners' association, which ones do you need and which ones can you save depending on your personal security needs? With the exception of buildings insurance, which is mandatory in many cantons and highly recommended even without compulsory insurance, all insurance is voluntary.
In 19 of 26 cantons, buildings must be insured with the public-law building insurance company. In the cantons of Appenzell Innerrhoden, Obwalden, Schwyz and Uri, buildings must be insured with private insurance companies because there is no cantonal building insurance. Only in the cantons of Geneva, Ticino and Valais is building insurance voluntary. Insurance premiums vary from canton to canton.
Condominium owners' associations should take out building insurance, even if it is not compulsory. It covers damage to buildings caused by fire or natural hazards. This means lightning strikes, landslides, explosions, rock falls, fire, hail, floods, avalanches, smoke, snow pressure, rock falls, storms or floods. That is why it is also called fire and natural hazards insurance.
As a condominium owner, you own parts of a property with others and are part of a community. That is why you should take out important insurances jointly. In addition to building insurance, this includes these additional insurances, depending on the security needs of the condominium owners' association:
Although earthquakes are natural events, they are not covered by building insurance. In most cantons with compulsory building insurance, there is therefore the Swiss Pool for Earthquake Coverage, in other cantons there are other solutions, for example in the canton of Zurich the earthquake fund of the building insurance of the canton of Zurich. Both take over voluntary benefits from a certain strength of the earthquake, there is no entitlement. If your home is located in an earthquake-prone area, earthquake insurance with a private insurance company is worth considering.
Condominium owners have liability insurance. However, private liability insurance does not cover damage to the community. For example, if a rotten tree falls on the common property and falls onto the neighbour's property. Building liability insurance makes sense for condominium associations. On the one hand, it assumes claims for damages, advises the community in legal matters and rejects unfounded or excessive claims. On the other hand, it avoids discussions between the condominium owners as to who is responsible and liable for damage.
Building insurance covers glass damage caused by natural hazards, but not damage caused by children playing, for example. Glass insurance distinguishes between furniture and building glazing. Damage to furniture glazing, for example a crystal mirror or a glass table top, is usually covered by your household contents insurance if you have included this add-on. Windows, glass fronts, glass doors or conservatories count as building glazing. The condominium owners' association should include such damage as an add-on in the building insurance or building liability insurance.
The building insurance does not cover water damage caused by natural hazards, damage caused by rain, snow or melt water, burst pipes or water backups. If you want to protect yourself from the financial consequences of such damage, your condominium owners' association would have to take out water insurance. It covers the costs, for example, if a bathtub overflows, if pipes freeze and have to be thawed and repaired, or if oil leaks from a heating system or tank. The benefits and premiums vary from insurance to insurance.
In principle, no. Unless your need for security is high - or you rent out your flat. Legal expenses insurance covers, for example, the advance payment of costs, lawyers' fees and expenses for expert opinions as well as court costs and party compensation if you lose the case. You can take out general legal expenses insurance or special real estate legal expenses insurance. Make sure that labour law, property law, tenancy law, neighbour law, tort law, criminal law and insurance law are included and that you have a free choice of lawyer.
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