When someone moves into a new house or flat, ceiling lamps are usually hung up last. On one hand, lamps are installed last because the choice of lamp depends on the floor plan, the style of furniture and the overall aesthetic in a room. On the other hand, and this is the most common reason for delayed installing: because many people are unsure on how to do it or don't trust themselves to do a good job. However, with our step-by-step instructions, you will be able to install a lamp easily and safely.
Before installing the lamp, you should make sure to have the right tools prepared:
An electric shock can be life-threatening. Therefore, make sure the fuse of the room in which the lamp will be installed is switched off. You will usually find the fuse box in the hallway, for example in the cloakroom. Before mounting, check with a two-pole phase tester or voltage tester that there is no voltage left on the wire. This is very simple: hold the end of the phase tester with the indicator to the L conductor, which is the copper wire of the black cable, and the narrow pin alternately to the ends of the other wires. If the phase tester does not indicate anything, you can connect the wires (see step 3).
Lamps and connectors are in most cases connected via three wires:
Make sure that the last five millimetres of the copper wire are exposed. If not, you have to cut away the insulation with a wire stripper. Now you can connect the wires with the luster terminal:
Once all the wires are connected, tighten the screws of the luster terminal.
Now you need to fix the lamp to the ceiling. How? For example with a hook, a retaining bracket or a screw and dowels - should be stated in the assembly instructions. You can hang a simple hanging lamp over the connection. If the cable is too long, you can hide it under the cable cover if you have not shortened it. You must screw a ceiling lamp into the ceiling, a wall lamp into the wall. Be sure to read the installation instructions and don't forget the wall plugs. The choice of drill depends on the ceiling:
Screw the bulb into the lamp socket, switch on the fuse and turn on the light. Does the lamp light up? If not, first check whether the bulb is working. If the bulb is OK, turn the fuse off again and check all wires and connections. Maybe a wire has come loose in the luster terminal and is loose. If you cannot find a fault, call an electrician.
Do you feel unsafe or do you not only want to fit a lamp but also change something on the light switches or sockets? This can be dangerous for non-experts and is sometimes even forbidden. The Ordinance on Low-Voltage Electrical Installations regulates what non-experts are allowed to do and what they are not allowed to do. In its brochure "Electricity - a safe matter" (PDF), SUVA defines exactly what you are allowed to do if you are not a professional: Replace light bulbs and fuses, change switches and install lights.
SUVA considers anyone who is "neither a qualified electrician nor an electro technically instructed person" to be a non-expert. Non-experts are only allowed to carry out installations in self-occupied living and adjoining rooms and on the 1-phase mains, provided that this is additionally protected with a residual current circuit breaker and the installations are subsequently checked by a safety adviser".