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Since mid-May, most homeowners and apartment owners have been spending more and more time in the (shared) garden. On the one hand, because it is blooming everywhere and a lot of work is waiting in the garden. On the other hand, because they relax outside at the end of the day or weekend, read a book, listen to music, play with their children and barbecue with their family or friends. For many homeowners, the garden is an oasis in the summer. That's why we've researched what you should know about garden planning and garden design before you redesign your garden. In three steps from the first idea to the dream garden.
No one knows your garden better than you. That's why you should first think about what you like about your garden, what bothers you and what you miss. Imagine your dream garden: dreamy and romantic, playful and wild or strict and straightforward? If you are looking for inspiration for garden planning and design, leaf through garden magazines or walk through the neighborhood with your eyes open. You're sure to discover things you like. For example, the barbecue area made of natural stone or the small pond in your neighbor's garden. After this inventory, draw a plan with initial ideas. If you want to redesign the garden yourself, you can start planning now. If you leave the work to professionals, invite gardening professionals to visit the garden, either a gardener or a landscape architect.
The landscape architect measures the plot and draws the plans. For example, with a garden seating area, walkway or privacy screen and with trees, flower beds, groves, vegetable beds, hedges, plants or shrubs. Perhaps he visualizes the garden with a mood board, so you can better imagine your dream garden: Light sets accents, natural stone shapes areas and water calms. Less is more also applies to garden design. Don't overload your garden, especially if it's small. Repair what's still in good shape, such as the garden shed or fence. And replant plants instead of buying new ones - perhaps the rhododendron will thrive better in a shady spot with moist soil than in full sun.
A garden design is hard work. First, gardeners remove the soil, terrace the ground, lay gutters, pipes or manholes, build curbs, foundations or retaining walls, install lights, lay natural stone slabs for the walkway or patio, or dig a pond. Only then do they sow or plant trees, flowers, vegetables, hedges, lawns, perennials or ornamental shrubs. Gardeners do smaller masonry jobs themselves, leaving larger ones to a mason: for example, building garden walls from hollow, natural or solid block, terracing gardens on slopes and supporting them with walls, or forming and pouring concrete foundations and concrete walls.
The best seasons for a garden design are spring and autumn. With our plant guide you can compile your personal garden calendar and always know what to plant or sow and when, and how often to fertilize, water or prune.
Vegetables and fruits from your own garden taste better than from any supermarket. For a cottage garden or vegetable garden, you need less space than you might think. Plant a fruit tree like an apple or quince in a corner to save space, potatoes in a potato tower and vegetables in a raised bed. If your garden is large enough, create vegetable beds and plant your favorite vegetables. For example, peas, cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, peppers, radishes, lettuce such as head lettuce, nut lettuce or arugula, spinach, tomatoes or zucchini. Note, however, that some vegetables do not get along: for example, potatoes and tomatoes or cucumbers and radishes do not grow next to each other. Ask your gardener if you are unsure, he knows what to do.
You may not plant everywhere you want. Read in our article "Boundary Distance: How Far Away Must a Hedge be From the Boundary?", what you need to know about boundary distances and how to avoid disputes with your neighbors.
The smaller the garden, the more important the planning. There are some tricks to make small(er) gardens appear larger. Visual axes enlarge the garden for the eye, different levels give it more depth, different tall trees or shrubs distract from its small area and small ponds make it look more open. Planting is also important. With bright plants or perennials any garden will look bigger. To achieve this, you should avoid woody plants such as trees or shrubs, which grow far out and need to be cut back regularly. Use the limited space wisely, for example with multi-level raised beds for vegetables, and store garden tools and garden furniture in the garage or basement and save yourself the garden shed.
A natural garden promotes biodiversity and creates a natural balance. It is planted with native plants that require less care and water. Chemical fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides are taboo and are replaced by natural methods for soil improvement and pest control. In a natural garden, there are creatures everywhere: in beds with tall perennials, deadwood hedges or dry stone walls, at the birdbath and around the pond. A natural garden is not only a paradise for many birds, insects like bees, small mammals like hedgehogs, amphibians like frogs, reptiles like lizards and beneficial insects like ladybugs, but also for you. A natural garden relaxes, reduces stress, improves mood and increases your well-being.
The patio is the center of the garden. With these five tips, you can make more out of your garden patio: